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References in 'Money From Music Survey' from Future of Music Coalition

Here is an index of the information taken from the Future of Music Coalition's Money from Music Survey (ending today). If you missed out on taking this survey, here is a list of all the different resources mentioned in the questions. It's great information for anyone curious about more income streams and services, organizations, and technologies that can help anyone in the business of music.

Performing Rights Organizations

Music-Focused Organizations

  • Folk Alliance
  • Just Plain Folks
  • Gospel Music Association
  • International Bluegrass Music Association
  • Fractured Atlas
  • National Association of Performing Arts Managers and Agents (NAPAMA)
  • Association of Performing Arts Presenters (APAP)

    Artistic “Team” Personnel
  • Songwriting partner(s)
  • Band/ensemble members
  • Producer
  • Record label
  • Publishing company
  • Business manager
  • Booking agent
  • Tour manager
  • Soundperson
  • Road crew
  • Publicist/PR firm
  • Fan street team
  • Webmaster/tech person
  • Graphic designer
  • Accountant
  • Attorney

    Categories of Musician-Based Revenue
    Money from Songwriting/Composing including publisher advances

    Mechanical royalties

    ASCAP/BMI/SESAC royalties


    Composing jingles and soundtracks

    Synch licensing

    Ringtone licensing

    Sheet music sales

    Salary as an employee of a symphony, band, or ensemble

    Touring/Shows/Live performance fees as a solo performer or side-musician

    Money from sound recordings including sales of physical or digital recordings (iTunes, CD Baby, traditional retail, sales at shows)

    Payments from interactive services (Rhapsody, Spotify)

    SoundExchange royalties

    Master use licensing such as synch licenses from licensing your existing songs/!compositions/sound recordings to TV shows, movies, commercials and/or video games


    Session musician earnings including payment for work in recording studio or for live performances, freelance work

    Merchandise sales


    Other Revenue Sources

    • YouTube partnership revenue-sharing program that allows creators and producers of original content to earn money from your YouTube videos
    • Ad revenue or other miscellaneous income from your website properties (Google AdSense, commissions on Amazon sales, etc.)
    • Fan funding directly from fans to support an upcoming recording project or tour (Kickstarter, Pledge Music)
    • Fan club money directly from fans who are subscribing to your fan club
    • Persona licensing paid by a brand that is using your name or likeness (video games, comic books, etc)
    • Product endorsements from a brand for endorsing/using their product
    • Acting in television, movies, or commercials
    • Sponsorship: Corporate support for a tour or for your band/ensemble
    • Sample licenses: Income you receive for granting others a license to sample your existing music in a new work
    • Honoraria or speaker fees
    • Grants from foundations, state or federal agencies
    • Producing another artists' work in the studio/live setting
    • Publisher advance to a composer/songwriter in exchange for a publishing agreement
    • ASCAPLUS Awards Program: Awarded by ASCAP to writer members of any genre whose performances are primarily in venues outside of broadcast  media
    • AARC royalties: Collected for digital recording of your songs, foreign private copying levies, and foreign record rental royalties, distributed to US artists by AARC
    •  AFM/Secondary Markets Fund: Paid to performers on recordings used in TV and other secondary uses
    • AFM/Sound Recording Special Payments: Paid to performers for the sales of recorded music
    • AFM/AFTRA payments: Payments from the AFM/AFTRA

      Intellectual Property
  • Rights Distribution Fund, which distributes recording and performance royalties to non-featured artists
  • AFTRA Contingent Scale Payments: paid when a recording hits certain sales plateaus
  • Label or publisher settlements from labels to recording artists, or from publishers to songwriters, or for litigation settlements (MP3.com, Limewire)

    Ways to Increase Mechanical Royalties
  • Publish more songs, so there are more songs generating revenue
  • Better sales by having songs on recordings that are selling more copies
  • Increase outlets selling or streaming songs (physical, digital)
  • Publishing deals to increase profile and opportunities
  • Shift from album sales to single salesWays to Increase Public Performance Royalties (PRO Royalties)
  • !  Increase songs, Increase airplay
  • !  Monitor collections by services such as BMI/ASCAP/SESAC
  • Increase platforms playing your songs including digital and foreign

Ways to Increase Revenue From Composition of Original Works

  • Pursue expanding outlets/platforms seeking original music (cable TV, Internet, films, consumer brands, etc.)
  • Make your work more specialized to decrease competition

    Types of Recording Label Support
  • Advances from label
  • Money to record
  • Money to produce videos
  • Tour support
  • Promotional support
  • Web support

    Ways to Increase money from the *physical* retail sales of your recordings
    (not including sales at shows/performances.)
  • Sell own music directly to stores, or via online mailorder, keep more of the profit
  • Explore outlets to sell recordings, increase access to the retail marketplace
  • Collect Earnings from your label
  • Consignments and sales in record stores
  • Sell using aggregators like CD Baby or TuneCore for mailorder sales,
  • Sell to fans from your own mailorder sales.

    Ways to Increase Digital Sales Revenue
  • Digitize more of existing catalog
  • Increase outlets/platforms selling music digitally
  • Sell directly to fans via your own website

    Ways to Increase Sales of Recorded Music at Live Shows
  • Diversify medium of product (CDs, USB sticks, Download cards)
  • Create exclusive recordings only avilable at shows
  • Increase Revenue using on-demand streaming of your recordings on interactive music services (Rhapsody, Napster, Spotify, Rdio, MOG, etc.).
  • Increase Digital Performance Royalties, Receive royalties from SoundExchange
  • Have music available for play on webcasts (including Pandora), satellite radio and music cable channels.

    Ways to Increase Revenue From Live Performances
  • Charge More
  • Increase size of venues and/or audiences
  • Use a booking agent to increase earning capacity
  • Merchandise (such as t-shirts, posters, hats, beer coozies, mousepads) based on your brand or persona

Increase Revenue From Freelance Work as a Session Musician Sideman or Freelancer

  • Specialize to reduce competition
  • Use Web technology to collaborate or provide service remotely

    Increase Revenue From Teaching
  • Teach private students in my home or at their homes
  • Create relationships with learning institutions
  • Pursue activity in master class settings as a guest lecturer or performer

    Increase Revenue With Technological Awareness

Strive to increase comfort using Internet-based technologies
Produce/Record Music
Promote Music
Distribute and Sell Music Collaborate remotely
Build and connect with Fan Base

Technology-based tools one can use to create work

  • Ableton
  • Apple's Garageband
  • Digital Performer
  • Finale
  • Logic
  • Maximus PE
  • Propellerhead Reason
  • Propellerhead Record
  • ProTools
  • Sibelius
  • Virtual DJ
  • Bandletter
  • Bandzoogle
  • CASH Music
  • CD Baby
  • Constant Contact
  • Facebook fan page
  • Fanbridge
  • Flickr
  • Foursquare

Technology-based tools one can use to Promote work

  • Personal artist website, Personal blog
  • Bandcamp
  • Mailchimp
  • MySpace
  • Next Big Sound
  • Nimbit
  • ReverbNation
  • RootMusic/Bandpages
  • Rumblefish
  • Songkick
  • Sonicbids


Evan Christopher is a noted member of the New Orleans music community and advocates for the cultural workforce. Click here for his performance schedule. He writes MAC-Notes for NolaVie. Email him with your comments about cultural issues, particularly in the music world, at [email protected]